Elia Kazan

 

Elia Kazan

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Elia Kazan var en regissör, skådespelare, producent och manusförfattare. Han föddes i Constantinople, Ottoman Empire den 7 september 1909. Elia Kazan dog 28 september 2003, han blev 94 år. Han är känd för bland annat Storstadshamn (1954), Linje Lusta (1951), Öster om Eden (1955), Tyst överenskommelse (1947) och Viva Zapata! (1952).

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Elia Kazan

Född 1909-09-07 (111 år sedan) i Constantinople, Ottoman Empire. Död 2003-09-28 (94 år).
Längd 173 cm.

Utmärkelser
Utmärkelse Gala År Prisad för
DGA Lifetime Achievement Award 39th Directors Guild of America Awards 1986
Kennedy Center Honors 6th Annual Kennedy Center Honors 1983
DGA Honorary Life Member Award 35th Directors Guild of America Awards 1982
Golden Globe Award for Best Director - Motion Picture (America America) 21st Golden Globe Awards 1963 America America
Golden Globe Award for Best Director - Motion Picture (Baby Doll) 14th Golden Globe Awards 1956 Baby Doll
Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama (East of Eden) 13th Golden Globe Awards 1955 Öster om Eden
DGA Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Feature Film (On the Waterfront) 7th Directors Guild of America Awards 1954 Storstadshamn
Golden Globe Award for Best Director - Motion Picture (On the Waterfront) 12th Golden Globe Awards 1954 Storstadshamn
Tony Award for Best Director (All My Sons) 1st Tony Awards 1947 All My Sons
Golden Globe Award for Best Director - Motion Picture (Gentleman's Agreement) 5th Golden Globe Awards 1947 Tyst överenskommelse
Nominerad för utmärkelser
Utmärkelse Gala År Nominerad för
Academy Award for Best Picture (America America) 36th Academy Awards 1963 America America
Academy Award for Best Director (America America) 36th Academy Awards 1963 America America
Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay (America America) 36th Academy Awards 1963 America America
BAFTA Award for Best Film (On the Waterfront) 8th British Academy Film Awards 1955 Storstadshamn
Academy Award for Best Director (East of Eden) 28th Academy Awards 1955 Öster om Eden
Academy Award for Best Director (On the Waterfront) 27th Academy Awards 1954 Storstadshamn
BAFTA Award for Best Film (Viva Zapata!) 6th British Academy Film Awards 1953 Viva Zapata!
BAFTA Award for Best Film (A Streetcar Named Desire) 6th British Academy Film Awards 1953 Linje Lusta
Academy Award for Best Director (A Streetcar Named Desire) 24th Academy Awards 1951 Linje Lusta
Academy Award for Best Director (Gentleman's Agreement) 20th Academy Awards 1947 Tyst överenskommelse
Förhållanden
Namn Från Till Typ av förhållade
Frances Kazan(Gifta: 1982-06-26–2003-09-28) 1982-06-26 2003-09-28 Gifta
Barbara Loden(Gifta: 1967-06-05–1980-09-05) 1967-06-05 1980-09-05 Gifta
Molly Kazan(Gifta: 1932-12-05–1963-12-14) 1932-12-05 1963-12-14 Gifta
Barn

Nicholas Kazan, Katharine Kazan, Chris Kazan, Judy Kazan, Leo Kazan, Marco Kazan

Föräldrar

George Kazanjoglou, Athena Kazanjoglou

Syskon

Avraam Kazanjoglou

Bilder på Elia Kazan

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Elia Kazan

Biografi från Wikipedia

Elia Kazan ( September 7 , 1909, Kayseri - September 28, 2003) was a Greek-American director and actor, described as "one of the most honored and influential directors in Broadway and Hollywood history". He also produced, and wrote screenplays and novels. Born in the Kayseri, Ottoman Empire to Greek parents, they emigrated to New York when he was four. After two years studying acting at Yale, he acted professionally for eight years before becoming a stage and film director. Kazan co-founded the influential Group Theater in 1932 and Actors Studio in 1947, and together with Lee Strasberg, introduced Method acting to the American stage and cinema as a new form of self-expression and psychological "realism". Having been an actor himself for eight years, he brought sensitivity and understanding of the acting process, and was later considered the ideal "actor's director". He himself acted in only a few films, including City for Conquest (1940), alongside James Cagney.

Kazan introduced a new generation of unknown young actors to the movie audiences, including Marlon Brando and James Dean, but was most noted for drawing out the best dramatic performances from his actors. As a result, he directed 21 different actors to Oscar nominations, resulting in nine wins. He became "one of the consummate filmmakers of the 20th century", after directing a continual string of successful films, including, A Streetcar Named Desire, On the Waterfront, and East of Eden. During his career, he won two Oscars as Best Director and received an Honorary Oscar, won three Tony Awards, and four Golden Globes. Among the other new actors he introduced to movie audiences for the first time, were Warren Beatty, Carroll Baker, Julie Harris, Andy Griffith, Lee Remick, Rip Torn, Eli Wallach, Eva Marie Saint, Martin Balsam, Fred Gwynne, and Pat Hingle. He also elicited some of the best performances in the careers of actors like Natalie Wood and James Dunn. Producer George Stevens, Jr. concludes that Kazan's films and new actors have "changed American moviemaking".

Most of his films were concerned with personal or social issues of special concern to him. Kazan writes, "I don't move unless I have some empathy with the basic theme. In some way the channel of the film should also be in my own life." His first such "issue" film was Gentleman's Agreement (1947), with Gregory Peck, which dealt with hidden anti-Semitism in America. It received 8 Oscar nominations and 3 wins, and Kazan's first for Best Director. It was followed by Pinky, one of the first films to address racial prejudice against blacks. In 1954, he directed On the Waterfront, a film about union corruption in New York, which some consider "one of the greatest films in the history of international cinema." A major film earlier in his career was A Streetcar Named Desire (1951), an adaptation of the stage play which he had also directed. It received 12 Oscar nominations, winning 4, and was Marlon Brando's breakthrough role, although his screen debut was the previous year, 1950, playing a paraplegic war veteran in 'The Men'. In 1955, he directed John Steinbeck's East of Eden, which also introduced James Dean to movie audiences for the first time, making him an overnight star.

A turning point in Kazan's career came with his testimony as a "friendly witness" before the House Committee on Un-American Activities in 1952, which cost him the respect of many liberal friends and colleagues, such as playwright Arthur Miller. Kazan later explains that he took "only the more tolerable of two alternatives that were either way painful and wrong". Overall, Kazan influenced the films of the 1950s and 1960s by his run of provocative, issues-driven subjects, and acting. Moreover, his personal brand of cinema, employing real locations over sets, unknowns over stars, and realism over convenient genres, proved influential to a whole generation of independent filmmakers in the 1960s, such as Sidney Lumet, John Cassavetes, Arthur Penn, Woody Allen, and Martin Scorsese. Film author Ian Freer concludes that "If his achievements are tainted by political controversy, the debt Hollywood â?? and actors everywhere â?? owes him, is enormous." In 2010, Martin Scorsese co-directed the documentary film, A Letter to Elia, as a personal tribute to Kazan, who he credits as the inspiration for his becoming a filmmaker.

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